The Book of Enoch

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Then he died. Enoch had lived 65 years when he begat Methuselah, and after he begat Methuselah, Enoch walked with God years, and begat sons and daughters. All the days of Enoch were years.

The book of Enoch

Enoch walked with God. Then he vanished because God took him. Since the writer of Genesis does not write that Enoch died, but instead says that he "walked with God", later generations thought that he had seen all mysteries of the universe. From the third century BCE on, authors used him as their spokesman, attributing all sorts of secret knowledge to his revelation.

Five of these texts were joined together at an unknown moment, and are now known as the First Book of Enoch. It is also called the Ethiopian Book of Enoch , because the book is best known from some forty manuscripts from Ethiopia. However, there are many Aramaic fragments of the constituent parts among the Dead Sea scrolls, a handful of Greek fragments and one scrap in Latin. This is a text on the lives of Enoch and his descendants; it is only known to us in a Slavonic translation and it is not known when it was written.

The book of Enoch: the Origins of Evil - Simone Venturini's Blog

This work has influenced the Zohar , the sacred book of Kabbala. The work is a compilation, and its component parts were written in Palestine by Jews of the orthodox Hasidic or Pharisaic schools. Its composite character appears clearly from the palpable differences in eschatology , in the views of the origin of sin and of the character and importance of the Messias found in portions otherwise marked off from each other by diversities of subject.

Critics agree that the oldest portions are those included in chapters i-xxxvi and broadly speaking lxxi-civ. It will be seen that the work is a voluminous one. But the most recent research, led by the Rev.

Chapter 7 - The Book of Enoch

Charles, an English specialist, breaks up this part into at least two distinct constituents. Charles's analysis and dating are: i-xxxvi, the oldest part, composed before B. Criticism recognizes, scattered here and there, interpolations from a lost apocalypse, the Book of Noah. Expert opinion is not united on the date of the composite older portion, i. Contents In the following outline of contents, Charles's analysis , which is supported by cogent reasons, has been adopted.

Ancient Texts

The various elements are taken up in their chronological sequence. Book I chapters Its body contains an account of the fall of the angelic "Watchers", their punishment, and the patriarch's intervention in their history. It is based upon Genesis : "The sons of God seeing the daughters of men, that they were fair, took to themselves wives of all they chose. This portion is remarkable for the entire absence of a Messias. Book II chapters This book contains two visions. In the first, lxxxiii-lxxxiv, is portrayed the dreadful visitation of the flood, about to fall upon the earth.

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Henoch supplicates God not to annihilate the human race. The remaining section, under the symbolism of cattle, beasts, and birds, sketches the entire history of Israel down to the Messianic reign. Book III chapters , 98 It professes to give a prophetic vision of the events of the world-weeks, centering about Israel. This part is distinguished by insistence upon a sharp conflict between the righteous of the nation and their wicked opponents both within and without Israel. They triumph and slay their oppressors in a Messianic kingdom without a personal Messias. At its close occurs the final judgment, which inaugurates a blessed immortality in heaven for the righteous.

For this purpose all the departed just will rise from a mysterious abode, though apparently not in the body ciii, 3, 4. The wicked will go into the Sheol of darkness and fire and dwell there forever. This is one of the earliest mentions of Sheol as a hell of torment, preceding portions of the book having described the place of retribution for the wicked as Tartarus and Geennom. Book IV chapters This book consists of three "Parables". The first describes the secrets of heaven , giving prominence to the angelic hosts and their princes.

The second parable xliv-lvii deals with the Messias , and is the most striking of this remarkable book. The influence of Daniel is easily traceable here, but the figure of the Messias is sketched much more fully, and the idea developed to a degree unparalleled in pre-Christian literature.

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The Elect One, or Son of Man , existed before the sun and stars were created, and is to execute justice upon all sinners who oppress the good. For this end there will be a resurrection of all Israel and a judgment in which the Son of Man will render to everyone according to his deeds. Iniquity will be banished from the earth and the reign of the Messias will be everlasting. The third parable lviii-lxx describes again the happiness reserved for the just, the great Judgment and the secrets of nature. Here and there throughout the Book of Parables the author gives piecemeal his theory of the origin of sin.

Going a step further back than the fault of the Watchers of the first book, he attributes their fall to certain mysterious Satans. It presents a bewildering mass of revelations concerning the movements of the heavenly bodies, given to Henoch by the angel Uriel.

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